Child Protection at the Old Rishworthian RUFC

1. Introduction

The Rugby Football Union (RFU)is committed to safeguarding the welfare of children in the sport. All children are entitled to protection from harm and have the right to take part in sport in a safe, positive and enjoyable environment.This Policy statement is based on the following key principles:
The welfare of the child is paramount
All participants regardless of age, gender, ability or disability, race, faith, size, language or sexual identity, have the right to protection from harm
All allegations, suspicions of harm and concerns will be taken seriously and responded to swiftly, fairly and appropriately
Everyone will work in partnership to promote the welfare, health and development of children

Effective safeguarding arrangements in every local area should be underpinned by two key principles: • safeguarding is everyone’s responsibility: for services to be effective each professional and organisation should play their full part; and • a child-centred approach: for services to be effective they should be based on a clear understanding of the needs and views of children.

All sporting organisations that make provision for children and young people must ensure that:

  • The welfare of the child is paramount;
  • All children, whatever their age, culture, disability, gender, language, racial origin religious beliefs and/or sexual identity have the right to protection from abuse;
  • All suspicions and allegations of abuse will be taken seriously and responded to swiftly and appropriately;
  • All staff (paid/unpaid) working in sport has a responsibility to report concerns to the appropriate officer. Staff/volunteers are not trained to deal with situations of abuse or to decide if abuse has occurred.

2. Policy statement

Old Rishworthian Rugby Union Football Club (ORRUFC) has a duty of care to safeguard all children involved in ORRUFC from harm. All children have a right to protection, and the needs of disabled children and others who may be particularly vulnerable must be taken into account. ORRUFC will ensure the safety and protection of all children involved in ORRUFC through adherence to the Child Protection guidelines adopted by ORRUFC. A child is defined as a person under the age of 18 (The Children Act 1989). Policy aims The aim of the ORRUFC Child Protection Policy is to promote good practice:
- Providing children and young people with appropriate safety and protection whilst in the care of ORRUFC
- Allow all staff /volunteers to make informed and confident responses to specific child protection issues.

3. Promoting good practice

We take our responsibilities very seriously.

Child abuse, particularly sexual abuse, can arouse strong emotions in those facing such a situation. It is important to understand these feelings and not allow them to interfere with your judgement about the appropriate action to take.

Abuse can occur within many situations including the home, school and the sporting environment. Some individuals will actively seek employment or voluntary work with young people in order to harm them.

It can happen to your children. Everyone working within Rugby Union, together with those working in affiliated organisations, has a role to play in safeguarding the welfare of children and preventing their abuse. All adult club members, coaches, instructors, teachers, officials or volunteers may have regular contact with children and can be a very important link in identifying cases where a child needs protection.

All suspicious cases of poor practice should be reported following the guidelines in this document. When a child enters the club having been subjected to child abuse outside the sporting environment, sport can play a crucial role in improving the child's self-esteem. In such instances the club must work with the appropriate agencies to ensure the child receives the required support.

>When establishing guidelines concerning the protection of children it is important to recognise that the club has both a moral and legal obligation to ensure that, when it is given responsibility for children, it provides them with the highest possible standard of care.


The committee and members of the Old Rishworthian Rugby Union Football Club, the RFU and RFUW recognise that they have that high degree of responsibility:
  • To safeguard and promote the interests and well being of all the children with whom they are working.
  • To take all reasonable practical steps to protect children from harm, discrimination, or degrading treatment.
  • To respect their rights, wishes and feelings.

Child protection procedures will:
  • Offer safeguards to the children with whom we work, to all our members of staff, coaches and club members
  • Help to maintain the professionalism and the safeguards of good practice, which are associated with the RFU and RFUW.

It is recognised that any procedure is only as effective as the ability and skill of those who operate them. Old Rishworthian Rugby Union Football Club, the RFU and RFUW are committed to the sound recruitment, provision of support and appropriate training for all their staff and all volunteers working in the club. This training will enable them to work together with parents/guardians and other organisations to ensure that the needs and the welfare of children remain paramount.

Old Rishworthian Rugby Union Football Club supports all aspects of child protection and as such we encourage total openness in our work with young people.

Coaches will not:

  • Spend time alone with youngsters away from others.
  • Take youngsters alone on car journeys.
  • Take youngsters alone to their homes.

Old Rishworthian Rugby Union Football Club has one trained Child Protection officer.
He is: Glen Cockroft. Phone 01422 822105. mobile 077768 814463

He can be contacted if parent or children have any concerns or require information on this subject.
The club has a complete and detailed Child Protection Policy Manual. Copies can be obtained from the committee.

Well-being

The well-being of your child is important to us. Each child will be asked to complete a fairly detailed application form which will enable us to conform with Sport England requirements and, most important, to be aware of any relevant medical or injury details. It also contains a parental consent form allowing basic assessment and management and treatment of injuries to be carried out. Please ensure that these forms are completed and returned promptly to your child's year group coach/manager. The information will be held on a discrete database for club reference only.

4. Good practice guidelines

All personnel should be encouraged to demonstrate exemplary behaviour in order to protect themselves from false allegations. The following are common sense examples of how to create a positive culture and climate.

Good practice means:
  • Always working in an open environment (e.g. avoiding private or unobserved situations and encouraging open communication with no secrets).
  • Treating all young people/disabled adults equally, and with respect and dignity.
  • Always putting the welfare of each young person first, before winning or achieving goals.
  • Maintaining a safe and appropriate distance with players (e.g. it is not appropriate for staff or volunteers to have an intimate relationship with a child or to share a room with them).
  • Building balanced relationships based on mutual trust which empowers children to share in the decision-making process;
  • Making sport fun, enjoyable and promoting fair play.
  • Ensuring that if any form of manual/physical support is required, it should be provided openly and according to guidelines provided by the Coach Education Programme. Care is needed, as it is difficult to maintain hand positions when the child is constantly moving. Young people should always be consulted and their agreement gained. Some parents are becoming increasingly sensitive about manual support and their views should always be carefully considered.
  • Keeping up to date with technical skills, qualifications and insurance in sport.
  • Involving parents/carers wherever possible. For example, encouraging them to take responsibility for their children in the changing rooms. If groups have to be supervised in the changing rooms, always ensure parents, teachers, coaches or officials work in pairs.
  • Ensuring that if mixed teams are taken away, a male and female member of staff should always accompany them. However, remember that same gender abuse can also occur.
  • Ensuring that at tournaments or residential events, adults should not enter children's rooms or invite children into their rooms.
  • Being an excellent role model - this includes not smoking or drinking alcohol in the company of young people.
  • Giving enthusiastic and constructive feedback rather than negative criticism.
  • Recognising the developmental needs and capacity of young people and disabled adults - avoiding excessive training or competition and not pushing them against their will.
  • Securing parental consent in writing to act in loco parentis, if the need arises to administer emergency first aid and/or other medical treatment.
  • Keeping a written record of any injury that occurs, along with the details of any treatment given.
  • Requesting written parental consent if club officials are required to transport young people in their cars.

Practices to be avoided

The following should be avoided except in emergencies. If cases arise where these situations are unavoidable it should be with the full knowledge and consent of someone in charge in the club or the child's parents. For example, a child sustains an injury and needs to go to hospital, or a parent fails to arrive to pick a child up at the end of a session:
- Avoid spending excessive amounts of time alone with children away from others
- Avoid taking or dropping off a child to an event

Practices never to be sanctioned
The following should never be sanctioned. You should never:

  • Engage in rough, physical or sexually provocative games, including horseplay
  • Share a room with a child
  • Allow or engage in any form of inappropriate touching
  • Allow children to use inappropriate language unchallenged
  • Make sexually suggestive comments to a child, even in fun
  • Reduce a child to tears as a form of control
  • Allow allegations made by a child to go unchallenged, unrecorded or not acted upon
  • Do things of a personal nature for children or disabled adults, that they can do for themselves
  • Invite or allow children to stay with you at your home unsupervised
  • N.B. It may sometimes be necessary for staff or volunteers to do things of a personal nature for children, particularly if they are young or are disabled. These tasks should only be carried out with the full understanding and consent of parents and the players involved. There is a need to be responsive to a person's reactions. If a person is fully dependent on you, talk with him/her about what you are doing and give choices where possible. This is particularly so if you are involved in any dressing or undressing of outer clothing, or where there is physical contact, lifting or assisting a child to carry out particular activities. Avoid taking on the responsibility for tasks for which you are not appropriately trained.
Incidents that must be reported/recorded If any of the following occur you should report this immediately to another colleague and record the incident. You should also ensure the parents of the child are informed:
- If you accidentally hurt a player.
- If he/she seems distressed in any manner.
- If a player appears to be sexually aroused by your actions.
- If a player misunderstands or misinterprets something you have done.

6. Recruitment and training of staff and volunteers

ORRUFC recognises that anyone may have the potential to abuse children in some way and that all reasonable steps are taken to ensure unsuitable people are prevented from working with children. Pre-selection checks must included the following:
- All volunteers/staff should complete an application form. The application form will elicit information about an applicant's past and a self-disclosure about any criminal record.
- Consent should be obtained from an applicant to seek information from the Criminal Records Bureau.

Interview and Induction

All employees (and volunteers) will be required to undergo an interview carried out to acceptable protocol and recommendations. All employees and volunteers should receive formal or informal induction, during which:
- A check should be made that the application form has been completed in full (including sections on criminal records and self-disclosures).
- Their qualifications should be substantiated.
- The job requirements and responsibilities should be clarified.
- They should sign up to the organisation's Code of Ethics and Conduct.
- Child protection procedures are explained and training needs are identified.

Training

In addition to pre-selection checks, the safeguarding process includes training after recruitment to help staff and volunteers to:
- Analyse their own practice against established good practice, and to ensure their practice is likely to protect them from false allegations.
- Recognise their responsibilities and report any concerns about suspected poor practice or possible abuse.
- Respond to concerns expressed by a child or young person.
- Work safely effectively with children.

Old Rishworthian Rugby Union Football Club requires:

Coaching staff to attend a recognised 3-hour good practice and child protection awareness-training workshop, to ensure their practice is exemplary and to facilitate the development of a positive culture towards good practice and child protection.
- Non-coaching staff and volunteers to complete recognised awareness training on child protection.
- Relevant personnel to receive advisory information outlining good practice and informing them about what to do if they have concerns about the behaviour of an adult towards a young person.
- Relevant personnel to gain a national first aid training (where necessary). Attend update training when necessary. Information about meeting training needs can be obtained from Sports Coach UK, the NSPCC, and the Sport Council.

7. Responding to allegations or suspicions

It is not the responsibility of anyone working in ORRUFC, in a paid or unpaid capacity to decide whether or not child abuse has taken place. However there is a responsibility to act on any concerns through contact with the appropriate authorities.

ORRUFC will assure all staff/volunteers that it will fully support and protect anyone, who in good faith reports his or her concern that a colleague is, or may be, abusing a child.

Where there is a complaint against a member of staff there may be three types of investigation:
- A criminal investigation,
- A child protection investigation,
- A disciplinary or misconduct investigation.
The results of the police and child protection investigation may well influence the disciplinary investigation, but not necessarily. Action if there are concerns

7.1. Concerns about poor practice:

If, following consideration, the allegation is clearly about poor practice; the Club Child Protection Officer will deal with it as a misconduct issue.
- If the allegation is about poor practice by the Club Child Protection Officer, or if the matter has been handled inadequately and concerns remain, it should be reported to the relevant Yorkshire Rugby Football Union Welfare Officer who will decide how to deal with the allegation and whether or not to initiate disciplinary proceedings.

7.2. Concerns about suspected abuse

Any suspicion that a child has been abused by either a member of staff or a volunteer should be reported to the Club Child Protection Officer, who will take such steps as considered necessary to ensure the safety of the child in question and any other child who may be at risk.
- The Club Child Protection Officer will refer the allegation to the social services department who may involve the police, or go directly to the police if out-of-hours.
- The parents or carers of the child will be contacted as soon as possible following advice from the social services department.
- The Club Child Protection Officer should also notify the relevant Yorkshire Rugby Football Union officer who in turn will inform the Rugby Football Union Child Protection Officer who will deal with any media enquiries.
- If the Club Child Protection Officer is the subject of the suspicion/allegation, the report must be made to the appropriate Manager or in his/her absence the Rugby Football Union Child Protection Officer who will refer the allegation to Social Services.

Confidentiality Every effort should be made to ensure that confidentiality is maintained for all concerned. Information should be handled and disseminated on a need to know basis only. This includes the following people:

  • The Club Child Protection Officer.
  • The parents of the person who is alleged to have been abused
  • The person making the allegation.
  • Social services/police.
  • The player's coach or manager.
  • The alleged abuser (and parents if the alleged abuser is a child).
Seek social services advice on who should approach the alleged abuser. Information should be stored in a secure place with limited access to designated people, in line with data protection laws (e.g. that information is accurate, regularly updated, relevant and secure).

Internal Enquiries and Suspension

The Old Rishworthian Rugby Union Football Club Child Protection Officer will make an immediate decision about whether any individual accused of abuse should be temporarily suspended pending further police and social services inquiries.
- Irrespective of the findings of the social services or police inquiries the Old Rishworthian Rugby Union Football Club Disciplinary Committee will assess all individual cases to decide whether a member of staff or volunteer can be reinstated and how this can be sensitively handled. This may be a difficult decision; particularly where there is insufficient evidence to uphold any action by the police. In such cases, the Old Rishworthian Rugby Union Football Club Disciplinary Committee must reach a decision based upon the available information which could suggest that on a balance of probability, it is more likely than not that the allegation is true. The welfare of the child should remain of paramount importance throughout.

Support to deal with the aftermath of abuse:

Consideration should be given to the kind of support that children, parents and members of staff may need. Use of help lines, support groups and open meetings will maintain an open culture and help the healing process. The British Association for Counselling Directory is available from
The British Association for Counselling,
1 Regent Place,
Rugby CV21 2PJ,
Tel: 01788 550899,
Fax: 01788 562189,
E-mail: bac@bacp.co.uk, Internet: http://www.bacp.co.uk.
- Consideration should be given to what kind of support may be appropriate for the alleged perpetrator.

Allegations of previous abuse Allegations of abuse may be made some time after the event (e.g. by an adult who was abused as a child or by a member of staff who is still currently working with children).
Where such an allegation is made, the club should follow the procedures as detailed above and report the matter to the social services or the police. This is because other children, either within or outside sport, may be at risk from this person. Anyone who has a previous criminal conviction for offences related to abuse is automatically excluded from working with children. This is reinforced by the details of the Protection of Children Act 1999.

Action if bullying is suspected

If bullying is suspected, the same procedure should be followed as set out in 'Responding to suspicions or allegations' above. Action to help the victim and prevent bullying in sport:

  • Take all signs of bullying very seriously.
  • Encourage all children to speak and share their concerns (It is believed that up to 12 children per year commit suicide as a result of bullying, so if anyone talks about or threatens suicide, seek professional help immediately). Help the victim to speak out and tell the person in charge or someone in authority. Create an open environment.
  • Investigate all allegations and take action to ensure the victim is safe. Speak with the victim and the bully(ies) separately.
  • Reassure the victim that you can be trusted and will help them, although you cannot promise to tell no one else.
  • Keep records of what is said (what happened, by whom, when).
  • Report any concerns to the Club Child Protection Officer or the school (wherever the bullying is occurring).

Action towards the bully(ies):

Talk with the bully(ies), explain the situation, and try to get the bully (ies) to understand the consequences of their behaviour. Seek an apology to the victim(s).
- Inform the bully's parents.
- Insist on the return of 'borrowed' items and that the bully(ies) compensate the victim.
- Provide support for the victim's coach.
- Impose sanctions as necessary.
- Encourage and support the bully(ies) to change behaviour.
- Hold meetings with the families to report on progress.
- Inform all organisation members of action taken.
- Keep a written record of action taken.

7.3. Concerns outside the immediate sporting environment (e.g. a parent or carer):

Report your concerns to the Club Child Protection Officer, who should contact social services or the police as soon as possible.
- See 4. below for the information social services or the police will need.
- If the Club Child Protection Officer is not available, the person being told of or discovering the abuse should contact social services or the police immediately.
- Social Services and the Club Child Protection Officer will decide how to involve the parents/carers.
- The Club Child Protection Officer should also report the incident to the Rugby Football Union Governing Body. The Governing Body should ascertain whether or not the person/s involved in the incident play a role in Old Rishworthians Rugby Football Club and act accordingly.
- Maintain confidentiality on a need to know basis only.
- See 7.4 below regarding information needed for social services.

7.4. Information for social services or the police about suspected abuse:

To ensure that this information is as helpful as possible, a detailed record should always be made at the time of the disclosure/concern, which should include the following:
- The child's name, age and date of birth of the child.
- The child's home address and telephone number.
- Whether or not the person making the report is expressing their own concerns or those of someone else.
- The nature of the allegation. Include dates, times, any special factors and other relevant information.
- Make a clear distinction between what is fact, opinion or hearsay.
- A description of any visible bruising or other injuries. Also any indirect signs, such as behavioural changes.
- Details of witnesses to the incidents.
- The child's account, if it can be given, of what has happened and how any bruising or other injuries occurred.
- Have the parents been contacted?
- If so what has been said?
- Has anyone else been consulted? If so record details.
- If the child was not the person who reported the incident, has the child been spoken to? If so what was said?
- Has anyone been alleged to be the abuser? Record details.
- Where possible referral to the police or social services should be confirmed in writing within 24 hours and the name of the contact who took the referral should be recorded. If you are worried about sharing concerns about abuse with a senior colleague, you can contact social services or the police direct, or the NSPCC Child Protection Helpline on 0808 800 5000, or Childline on 0800 1111.

8. ORRUFC Junior club rules

ORRUFC Mini and Juniors is fully committed to safeguarding and promoting the well being of all its members. The ORRUFC believes that it is important that members, coaches, administrators and parents associated with the club should, at all times, show respect encouraged to be open at all times and to share any concerns or complaints that they may have about any aspect of the club with the Club Committee.

As a member of ORRUFC Mini and Juniors you are expected to abide by the following junior club rules:
1. All members must play within the rules and respect officials and their decisions.
2. All members must respect opponents.
3. Members should keep to agreed timings for training and competitions or inform their coach or team manager if they are going to be late or not attending.
4. Members must wear suitable kit for training and match sessions, as agreed with the coach/team manager.
5. Members must pay any fees for training or events promptly.
6. Junior members are not allowed to smoke on club premises or whilst representing the club at competitions and are strongly encouraged not to smoke.
7. Junior members are not allowed to consume alcohol or drugs of any kind on the club premises or whilst representing the club.
8. We adopt a "zero tolerance" policy with regards to drugs. Anyone found in contravention of this will be expelled.

Equity at Old Rishworthian Rugby Club

We take our responsibilities very seriously.

Rugby Union is an all-inclusive sport. Old Rishworthian Rugby Club fully subscribes to that ethic.
Old Rishworthian Rugby Club is committed to ensuring that equity is incorporated across all aspects of its development. In doing so it acknowledges and adopts the following Sport England definition of sports equity:

  • Sports equity is about fairness in sport, equality of access, recognising inequalities and taking steps to address them. It is about changing the culture and structure of sport to ensure it becomes equally accessible to everyone in society.
  • Old Rishworthian Rugby Club respects the rights, dignity and worth of every person and will treat everyone equally within the context of their sport, regardless of age, ability, gender, race, ethnicity, religious belief, sexuality or social/economic status.
  • Old Rishworthian Rugby Club is committed to everyone having the right to enjoy their sport in an environment free from threat of intimidation, harassment and abuse.
  • All club members have a responsibility to oppose discriminatory behaviour and promote equality of opportunity.
  • Old Rishworthian Rugby Club will deal with any incidence of discriminatory behaviour seriously, according to club disciplinary procedures which are contained in the club handbook.

  • Old Rishworthian Rugby Club fully subscribes to the RFU Policy and Procedures for the Welfare of young people in Rugby Union.
    The policy document can be viewed by contacting the RFU direct on 020 8892 2000 or email communityrugbyinfo@rfu.com